Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (... ideologically a secularist and progressivist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism.
[Atatürk came to prominence for his role in securing the Ottoman Turkish victory at the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. Following the Empire's defeat and subsequent dissolution, he led the Turkish National Movement, which resisted against the mainland Turkey's partition among the victorious Allied powers. Establishing a provisional government in present-day Turkish capital Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies, thus, emerging victorious from what is later referred to as the Turkish War of Independence.
As the president of the newly formed Turkish Republic, Atatürk initiated a rigorous program of political, economic, and cultural reforms with the ultimate aim of building a modern and secular nation-state. .... His government also carried out an extensive policy of Turkification trying to create a single, united and largely homogeneous nation](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk)